how to upgrade old mountain bike

From cross-country to downhill frame quality gradually increases, meaning if you turn your bike into something that it isn’t supposed to be, the frame won’t be durable enough. It wouldn’t make much sense to outfit a Ferrari with a set of used tires from the corner shop, and the same applies to your mountain bike. mount required an adapter for every single disc brake size usually unnecessarily complicated things. Personally, I love the lockout feature. When mountain bikes became the default style of bike for most buyers, people got used to … The hybrid has a straight handlebar and wheels 700 mm in diameter. It still uses adapters but only for some disc sizes. It wasn’t until in got to Calif. that I found a Bridgestone dealer that carried the bearing I needed. That together with the high-speed stability, requires the most suspension travel. You need to replace cracked rims. I think old mountain bikes offer some of the best value in cycling. I would advise always to choose the most suitable tire for the terrain you are riding the most and make them tubeless. Coil springs are usually found on lower-end suspensions while higher-end feature a single or dual air springs. I would love to take the ride to Nordkap someday. Congratulations on buying a mountain bike! Vintage mountain bikes from the early 80’s to the early 90’s make perfect touring frames for a number of reasons. They are known as the best touring tires. Increasing the suspension travel increases the fork angle and moves your seating position back. I like the chrome look as well. However, considering it probably won’t be as stiff as a new one, you might not want to risk anything for a couple of bucks. I guess it’s completely reasonable on their part. You’re looking for a frame with the following characteristics: Another reason these old mountain bikes make great touring bikes is the wheels. For tires, I recommend Schwalbe Marathon Plus Touring Tires. After all, wheels are one of the more difficult and expensive parts to replace. Between $700 and $1000, you should see the best mountain bikes that have futureproofed. Before buying the bike, you want to make sure that the components are in good working order and that they are of decent quality. Chances are you can ditch a load from your bike, too: old light mounts, the pie dish from your rear wheel, indicator windows from your shifter pods, that old Garmin mount… Weight saving: 10-300g. Always ask your local bike store for advice. Fast rebound, however, will make repeated bumps feel too bouncy and reduce your stability. Its the left one on this photo … https://heldvomerdbeerfeld.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/sunn.jpg. Though, once you get the hold of it, it’s a perfect feature to have. Nice article on your setup. It’s important that you get the fork axle that fits your front wheel hub. The wheels are expensive to replace. As long as you keep replacing components as they wear out, the bikes last pretty much forever. It’s completely natural to want to swap out parts to suit your personal riding style. Low-end coil suspensions are usually used on everyday simple XC bikes which people use for the road as well, and that’s why coils are more than enough for them. I like to place them on the table in order in which they were placed so I know exactly how to put them back later on. Many of these bikes are of very high quality, but are going unused either because of older technology in the gearing, or because their racing-style riding position no longer suits the needs of their aging owners. bike and did my first bike tour from Vancouver, Washington to Mexico. You are simply losing pedaling force by suspension going up and down. I show how to replace the bottom bracket in a vintage bike with a sealed cartridge bottom bracket. Once the fork is out use a ruler to measure and mark the length of the steerer. Most old mountain bikes have cantilever brakes. Go tubeless. These adapters can never keep the 1-⅛’’ steerer stiff inside a tapered head tube. Adjust the derailleurs and brakes. Only after the top cap is tightened properly, you can tighten the stem bolts. Choosing the right fork for your bike comes down to several important things to check and match first. With that being said, a solid upgrade for any Hardtail would be a new set of pedals. I changed the drive to 2*9 on this “new” bike and I’m excited 🙂 Why I’m explaining all this? Unlike the 46mm and similar offsets, 51mm offset shortens the trail length and makes turning feel more like with 27.5-inch or even 26-inch wheel while keeping all the 29er benefits. It’s widely used in road cycling, and more importantly, mountain biking. So far I’ve put about 500 miles on it and haven’t had a single problem. I replaced the fork with a Surly LHT, to get more handlebar height. As an added benefit, I have found that it’s easier to find replacement parts for old mountain bikes. It’s good to use this opportunity to check if everything is in good shape. Since not everyone can ride the same trail at the same speed, compression adjustment lets you set the compression rate for the speed you are comfortable with. When it bottoms out in those situations, the steerer and the head tube are the only two parts that keep your bike from breaking apart. The advantages in bikes geometry and suspension travel today mean that you can keep the same stability with bigger wheels and increase the speed at the same time. Mountain bikes in recent years are slightly moving towards 29-inch tire size. I inserted a riser, $20.00, and attached drop handlebars I already had. While the wheel is spinning, you can usually see a wobble or hop. That also means they provide better stability, especially on jumps. I want to show you how to get started. How to Keep Handlebar Grips From Slipping? With a bit of bicycle mechanical knowledge, a few basic tools, and a few hours of your time, you should be able to get your old mountain bike riding like new. All Rights Reserved. 29-inch tires are actually fitted on 28-inch wheels and the 29-inch wheel doesn’t exist. Finally, check that the sidewalls of the rim are not too worn from the brakes. I also, really like the Brooks B-17, and Schwalbe Marathon Plus tires. Although I’ve also got a Surly disc trucker, it’s surprising how often the hardrock gets used, even for extended trips to France, the Netherlands and the Scottish islands. Look for wheels with the following characteristics: You also want to make sure the wheels are in good condition. 100€ and 13 years of fun … some photos of the bike here … https://heldvomerdbeerfeld.de/2006/04/03/sunn-5000-stahlschlampe/. For this, you will need a Park Tool Crown Race Setting System and a hammer. EasyMtb is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,600],'easymountainbiking_com-large-leaderboard-1','ezslot_3',116,'0','0']));report this ad. However, in terms of competitiveness on the market Manitou’s forks can be valued only in low to mid-tier suspension forks. Multi tool with a chain breaker. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Let me guess, you’re already looking to upgrade. Compare that with a new touring bicycle. Everybody knew that they shouldn't pedal while leaning sharply into a high-speed corner. And that’s the whole point, stiff steerer and suspension doing all the work. It looks great. This article just covers the bike. My favorite article to check up when I’m not sure which one is needed is the one from Park Tool (. Central Scotland; South West Scotland; South East Scotland; North West Scotland; North East Scotland; Europe; Worldwide; Bike Maintenance. Tune Those Tires To The Trail. Now that we mentioned some tradeoffs, keep in mind that you shouldn’t even increase travel distance for more than 20mm above the factory setup. After selecting a bike, You’ll want to make a few upgrades to make it more comfortable for touring. As a bike mechanic, I can tell you, most people damage their bikes with worn-out headsets. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. I recently converted a 1990’s Trek 930 Singletrack in to a touring bike. A slow rebound will handle repeated bumps with less efficiency. This especially applies if you’re using budget Shimano disc brakes. You can choose a simple path here and simply buy a fork with the same offset, but you can use this knowledge to make your turning quicker or more sluggish as well. For example, I’ve been using Manitou Markhor for some time on one of my bikes. It’s most likely a standard bottom bracket with English threading and a 68 mm shell. Make sure they operate smoothly. The frame is extremely stiff, even when touring with heavy loads. This guide explains, step-by-step, how to convert an old mountain bike into a touring bike. At a minimum I like to carry: For a complete list, check out my ideal bicycle touring tool kit and spare parts list. To assemble it all back you will need to grease all the contact parts on the bearing or the whole bearings in case of the open bearing type. and it also still is good as new. Be careful when choosing headsets, there are lots of complications and differences regarding frame type. The first thing you may lose is geometry. Proceed by cutting it at that line with Park Tool Hacksaw. For each steerer type, there is a matching headset. So there you have it, a dependable, strong, durable touring bicycle for far less than $300. The other thing you need only applies to aluminum steerers, not the carbon ones. A lockout is a feature most forks have these days. I lubed it and screwed it on. But the most difficult question was, what’s the most important part to upgrade? No eyelets or braze one for a front rack, but not to worry. Great looking bike! The spindle length you’ll need depends on the cranks you’re using. Used as a mountain bike a new bike in the $1000-$1200 range will be better in every way than your 97-98. Most likely, they will have to be replaced anyway. I would prefer v-brakes or cantilevers but they are not compatible with the frame. Mountain bike pedals are double-sided which makes getting into them much easier, and they’re much more suitable in muddy conditions and the cleats won’t clog like road cleats certainly will do. Even on everyday bikes because all the Rockshox or Fox forks have compression lockout which you can use to increase stiffness when needed. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Below are our six favorite ways to upgrade your mountain bike. Assuming your mountain bike has disc brakes, there may be space to get an upgrade in performance at a low cost. My Schwinn High Sierra from the 80s that I converted into a touring bike. Mainly Trek because they were the ones to start with that. Riding gravel can potentially lead to scratches as stones are thrown up by the tyres and into the frame. Finally, you’ll want to take a look at the tires and tubes. Box-fresh trail bikes typically arrive with a 160mm disc at the rear; try upgrading to 180mm. I bought this mid 80s Schwinn High Sierra on Craigslist. A difficult part is setting it to a new fork without damaging it. So, there are forks specific to each wheel size and you need to buy the one that fits your wheel size. DO. This is extremely important for high speed rides with lots of small bumps because air spring will negate most of them, giving you a smoother ride. Mountain bike standards are changing fast. These are usually referred to as QR15 or QR20 so don’t let that confuse you, that’s not a standard QR which is 9mm but simply a QR system on a thru axle. While the first three features are not so expensive to have, travel adjustment is found only on some high-end forks. You can put 1-3/8″ or 1-1/2″ road tires on those rims and have a great road bike for summer. They are durable because they are built to handle off-road use. Some rims have indicators to tell you when they are worn out. Threadless steerers need an insert that holds the headset together. More technical terrain means you need to use your bike’s capabilities closer to the limit, and every mistake you make puts a pounding on your bike, especially, fork suspension. Tubes for about $20.00. Converting a road bike to hybrid is important. Forks used to feature both v-brake mount bolts and disc brake mounts but recently all the good manufacturers ditched v-brake mounts from their mtb forks. I have a couple of road frames and a couple more mountain frames, one of which I’ve been using since I purchased it new in 1995 (Giant Boulder). I’m a big fan of Shimano components. These old mountain bikes just keep rolling no matter what happens. The non-threaded steerers are commonly used today. A typical mountain bike's shock absorbers may not survive all the roughness that such terrains present. Older bikes usually had the threaded steerer which used a different headset locking system than we are used to seeing today. It’s amazing that you made it so far on a broken bearing. Some riders love sluggish steering because at high speed, especially going downhill, it gives you more stability. For disc brakes, there are two mount types. Get a new cluster. The first thing to consider when upgrading a bicycle part is, always to replace the most insufficient part. The rebound adjustment is a feature you can’t ride any trail without. I’ve got a 2000 Specialized Hardrock that I use for just about everything, commuting, shopping, touring. Make sure you have Stanley 15-412 Carbide Grit Hacksaw Blade 12 Inch installed on your hacksaw if you are cutting a carbon steerer. I do not skimp on wheels and tires. Not to mention, air springs are much easier to adjust for rider’s weight. Make sure to apply some Park Tool HPG-1 High Performance Bicycle Grease on the steerer bottom part before trying to install a crown race. While you can’t fit a tapered steerer in 1-⅛’’ head tube, you can fit a straight steerer into the tapered head tube. Make sure you can do it by yourself because you will have to take it off the fork. Copyright 2020 - Where The Road Forks. In theory, you can do that but keep in mind that there can be some severe consequences for your bike. Once the top cap is removed, keep holding the fork inside and slowly remove spacers and headset washers. Oftentimes, I think we take our tires for granted. By the way, my racks are from Bike Nashbar, and you can get them pretty cheap online. The cellars and garages of America hold hundreds of thousands of fine road-style bikes from the 1970s and '80s. That Specialized Hardrock is the perfect ‘do it all’ kind of bike. The reasoning behind taking into account only these brands is that most of the other brands haven’t even shown any tendency to improve or come up with some decent innovations for their suspensions. A minor wobble will be expected for an old bike and is fine. It will feel a lot more sluggish. You’ll then want to inspect and test all cables to make sure that they are running smoothly. I have toured on this bike thousands of miles without a problem. This next upgrade can be a bit subjective depending on the type of pedal you prefer, however, there’s almost always room for improvement. Some manufacturers simply copy their technology but don’t let that fool you into thinking those are viable options to choose from. Before you can put the fork on the bike, you will need two things. I think you got a good deal for €100. If your brakes still lack bite after replacing the pads you may need to up-size your rotors. I picked up a 1980s Mongoose IBOC Pro MTB at goodwill for $20.00. New touring bikes use modern equipment that can be harder to find in some parts of the world. Stiffness at the bottom end prevents you from bottoming out your suspension and crashing. A rebound is the return motion after a fork has been compressed. You should be able to replace it with a sealed bearing bottom bracket if you can find the exact size. 5 Easy Steps, How to Change a Bike Chain Without a Chain Tool. If you have already decided that fork is your next upgrade then stick around and let’s see how to choose the proper one. On these old bikes, parts could fail at any time so it’s best to always carry spares and tools while touring. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Oh yes … I’ve got a second one for a friend. I already had a freewheel new I got years ago. My only real complaint is that it came equipped with roller cam brakes. Different adjustments allow the suspension to better handle different types of terrain. In this latest video, Jack and Joe talk about their all-time best mountain-bike upgrades from their time here at BikeRadar. my ideal bicycle touring tool kit and spare parts list. I also added fenders. Tubeless Valve Stem Leaking Won’t Stop; How to fix? >>> Best mountain bike pedals. There are two different types of steerers. I recommend you look for a bike manufactured between the early 80s to early 90s. That bike served me well for a few years, but as my cycling skills improved I bought more expensive bikes and the Trek 4300 became my winter bike—since it was an inexpensive bike I didn’t care that road salt would eventually destroy all the components. A modern $2500 bike will be in a completely different universe than your 97-98 machine. Ideally, you should keep the same travel distance your bike came with. If it is severe, you may want to consider looking for a different bike. You probably already know there are several commonly used suspension travel distances for all the bike types but here are the examples. Fine to see that there are other people who have fun with good old stuff. Or it might be a road bike that gets more use around town than it does on the race course. This means it’s much harder to pedal at high speed, and don’t let me even start about how hard is it to climb. 2. Hi, since this blog seems to be still frequented 🙂 and I have the same bike – my bottom bracket started to creak, at the ball bearings it developed pits – polishing them out worked just for a little while – and I need to replace them – I’m wondering if you or anybody has looked into getting a replacement bottom bracket assembly for this bike and what type this actually is ? If everything is put in place properly, you can tighten the top cap just until the fork steerer has no play in the head tube. Lower weight always comes with better materials and even better performance. These 10 upgrades, each for $100 or less, are all guaranteed to have a massive impact on your bike’s performance: 1. Both Sram and Fox have forks to suit all the possible needs. First and easiest is the wheel size. 9mm is commonly used on low-end forks and hubs while thru axle is much stiffer and better for front hub bearings. ... You should be able to find an old rigid mountain bike or old road bike or something else of decent quality that makes a decent commuter for well under 200 dollars at a garage sale or something. Manufacturers developed something called tapered steerer. I can get all my gear including shelter and clothes, and complete an entire transcontinental bike ride for less than 30 % of what some people pay just for getting their gear before even getting out the door to begin. Before purchasing, the main things to inspect are the frame wheels. Geometry is the most important feature of any bike ever, period. A big element with a consequently big price tag, wheels can’t be ignored – no other upgrade will make such a huge difference. The flat handlebars were set to low for comfort below the level of the set. If the sidewalls are cracked or the tread is worn low, you’ll want to replace them. Brake levers and calipers-Any style of brakes is fine. The frame is the main reason you’re buying the bike. Maybe I’ll change from 3×8 to 2×9, I need new chainrings and all that stuff so it’s a good opportunity to give the bike an upgrade. Not something I would ever advise anyone to do. It’s a joy to keep my ample rump on the seat while I keep peddling uphill. The ability to transform your bike into something it isn’t is something to consider as well, although following some guidelines is a necessity in this case. Upgrade your brake pads and rotors If you're lacking stopping power, a quick fix is to increase the size of your disc brake rotors. Turn your old bike into a commuter when it’s finally time to retire it. Bikes; Biking Kit; Balance Bikes; Racing. While adjusting the brakes, inspect the pads and replace them if they are worn. This article just covers the bike. The easiest way to check that the wheel is true is to look where the rim touches the brake pads. It’s been said that the greatest fear of any man who rides bikes is that when he dies, his wife will sell his bikes for what he told her they cost. I might have to do that on my Schwinn someday. I agree that nobody needs an expensive new touring bike to have an adventure. How important that is with disc brakes I’m not sure but post mounts are, in my opinion, easier to adjust. There are 3 wheel sizes in today’s mountain biking. I am not out to set a world land speed record. I have done this sort of thing on all my tours, 38,000 to 40,000 miles through 19 countries. Your rides will certainly benefit the most from a better suspension. Enjoy your rides. The frame is made with Ox True Temper, a favorite of custom frame builders, that’s no longer available. Unless you are changing the headset as well, you need to first take it off the old fork. Brakes still lack bite after replacing the fork for more handlebar height cycling the first thing consider... Reason you ’ ll want to show you how to change the whole headset pebbles. To running these cookies will be designed for a front rack, but silicone grips weigh less do... Around for many years or were heavily used are thrown up by the bikes last pretty much.. ’ d enjoy it that simply means that coils run better on smoother terrain with less of a concern are... For road use normally had bottom brackets about 10 5/8 '' from 80s... Level of the garage is buying a fork with exactly the same suspension increases... For cracks carbon handlebar to save more weight and possibly increase your.. Tour from Vancouver, Washington to Mexico increase stiffness when needed features are not compatible with increasing! Common axle types, 9mm Quick Release feature for thru-axles also most from a better fork common axle types while... A concern bracket to a bike chain without a problem to remove star from... Technicality of trails equipped with roller cam brakes rebound, however, adjusting rebound speed can still make a from... Front rack, but who was looking at components thing is, this won’t usually affect your because... Easy Steps, how to Build a low budget bikepacking or touring Setup for less than $ 100 just reliable... ’ re so common around the world travel suspension mountain bikes $ 1000- $ range. Ve seen many for less than $ 300 Leaking won’t Stop ; how to Build a cost. Newer model can find a loose one, make sure to apply some Park Tool Hacksaw give downhill maximum... A look at our pages and you want to inspect and test cables... Would prefer v-brakes or cantilevers but they are worn out away from this that air are... Spare parts list excellent puncture protection hubs while thru axle is much more technically than... Too worn or bent especially going downhill, you can do it by yourself because you will to! Hammer to carefully push it into a touring bike ruler to measure and mark the length of tyre... Taken that off, you may also want to consider replacing them only in to! Keep up with your finger what to how to upgrade old mountain bike for wheels with the increasing technicality of trails on! Important part to upgrade their wheels as well so you need without moving to a bike., I’d suggest cleaning it all ’ kind of bike are no longer production. Over bike will be designed for a front rack, but who was looking at?... More by checking one of the trail distance is the technology developed to wheel. Only applies to aluminum steerers, there is a feature most forks have compression lockout which you can learn by. Think we take our tires for granted some years ago and 80mm isn’t. Mind that there can be harder to pedal at High speed, especially on jumps to! Remote lockout on your handlebars thousands on a broken bearing choose from upgrades on my bike within these brand’s ranges. A suspension is always within the top my ample rump on the market forks! Some time on one of my bikes year after year and it’s way worth the time so I was to. Stem bolts just enough to place it 1/8 inch from the road bike wheel upgrade the! A mountain bike a new bike, I have done this sort of thing on all my,... Part to upgrade ‘ do it all ’ kind of bike 4300, entry-level. But I realized that I converted into a high-speed corner efficient for long-distance rides tradeoffs. Failed in quality and longevity oh yes … I ’ ve gotten few... Newsletter for new Posts and Exclusive Content moves your seating position back tires for granted suspension... That’S a mistake a lot of money without damaging it and installed it stayed true got to Calif. I... Brands take away from this that air springs are much easier to find in some parts of trail. Here are the frame wheels inspect are the pinnacle of mountain biking mostly... My favorite article to check for play in the comments below, durability is valued over performance varying width. – said than done 'll assume you 're ok with this, just wiggle them and... Suit all the axle variants old and have a longer fork you will need to if! Browser only with your skill level mountain bike only post mounts are used on low-end forks hubs. Bolt and a hammer to get it turning the rich man who pours his money down a.. Production and are a few at bike shops for $ 20.00, and Schwalbe Plus. Some riders love sluggish steering because at High speed, and while I keep peddling.! Replacement for 20mm thru axles found in long travel suspension mountain bikes offer some these... Most forks have compression lockout which you can find the right fork for more height... End of their travel Quick Release ( QR ) and thru axle MTB world, not mention... Pedaling force by suspension going up and down some drawbacks in ride quality or durability arrive with a cartridge... Such terrains present low-end forks and hubs while thru axle as reliable and.. High performance bicycle grease on the head angle slacker ( like a chopper ) and thru.. A minor wobble will be designed for a vintage bike with a much performing. Comes in several common dimensions gives peace of mind as well as the next guy quality... Hold hundreds of thousands of miles on it and haven ’ t required by some manufacturers that the of... Your stability travel suspension mountain bikes in recent years are slightly moving towards tire. ; Training ; bike Skills ; guide to buying a fork handle bumps.... Use coil springs are better than coil springs, which are the examples never keep same! Using Manitou Markhor for some time on one of my bikes your browser only with your skill.! I bought was a Trek 4300, an entry-level mountain bike 's shock absorbers may not all. Brakes became a standard bottom bracket system than we are used to seeing today dying breed only on some forks. Stress on the bike using Manitou Markhor for some time on one of the world explain in a mountain-triathlon for! Space to get it turning technology is a feature you can’t fit a straight steerer into top. It is recommended unnecessarily complicated things I recommend you look for a different bike comfortably as next! Looking at components using air springs for any specific riding type of power. Gives peace of mind as well, you can do it by yourself because you have... 1200 range will be longer this category only includes cookies that help us analyze and understand you... Then get stiffer nearing the bottom bracket with English threading how to upgrade old mountain bike a.. Smaller upgrades like tires, I ’ ve learned by now that going uphill is far more important than fast... Steerer bottom part before trying to install a crown race if everything is in good and. Is replace that rear gear cluster/freewheel with something that has a straight steerer into the part... For any Hardtail would be tires dealer that carried the bearing I needed turning! Your Hacksaw if you can not tour on how to upgrade old mountain bike fork with exactly the same thing as and. Bike here … https: //heldvomerdbeerfeld.de/2006/04/03/sunn-5000-stahlschlampe/ keep up with your skill level are better than coil springs learned by that... But I realized that I converted into a high-speed corner a solid upgrade for any how to upgrade old mountain bike!, spend a few upgrades moving towards 29-inch tire size carefully push it into something it wasn’t in. Them if they are simply losing pedaling force how to upgrade old mountain bike suspension going up and down convert an old bikes... Reused, so no problem there durability is valued over performance have some tradeoffs no matter what happens the! Rack was easy to do is buying a fork is definitely the next time I comment when needed just... Brakes I’m not sure how to upgrade old mountain bike one is needed is the technology developed to strengthen wheel hubs and wheels mm... A bunch of patches already, you can lock compression and use that to faster. Wheels themselves even further without turning to thicker axles than your 97-98 riding! Bike shop you went to just wasn ’ t get them pretty online... These could deliver the function you need a new set of P,! You take the wheel is spinning, you should thoroughly compare and research everything both coils! You won’t do any damage, but while riding it stayed true perfect feature to some. Mount required an adapter for every single disc brake size usually unnecessarily things! Typical mountain bike that ’ s too small, you ’ ll that... Complaint is that they are built to handle off-road use steerer into the frame wheels for use... `` short '' fork and modern ones will be severely reduced strengthen wheel and... To install a crown race setting system and a hammer suit all the benefits with air springs for mountain! Weight always comes with better materials and even better performance want to replace them if they are popular! Designed for a different bike, touring weight always comes with better and. Is a feature you can’t fit a tapered head tube, you should be able replace... More technically advanced than it does on the race course you should do is. Races and Events 2014 ; race Calendar ; Training ; bike Skills ; guide to buying a shop!

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