how does religion affect health

Sephton, S.E., Koopman, C., Schaal, M., Thorensen, C.E. Religion is not only “researchable,” but it is also of essential interest to clinicians, doctors, patients and health psychologists. “Separately, many family members of critically ill patients find solace in their religious or spiritual beliefs and it may be helpful for clinicians to … Indeed, some factors may interact with other variables, such that, for example, the relationship spirituality/religion and a health outcome can be different, depending on the categorical level of another variable (e.g. Here is a collection of guidance for providers of health and spiritual care, for working effectively and sensitively with persons of various religious beliefs. In the battle to prevent and eradicate such maladies... Medical Debt has largely been viewed as a financial burden. The main purpose of any fast is spiritual cleansing. Short answer, yes. Hypertension, 26, 820-827. By emphasizing the conceptualizing of spirituality/religion and by considering the inherent methodological issues of research on spirituality/religion and health, the stage is set for focusing on the research as such. Inquiries Journal provides undergraduate and graduate students around the world a platform for the wide dissemination of academic work over a range of core disciplines. & Morgan, D.W. (1998). This would help professionals release the old stereotypes and prejudices that they have about this topic. Physiology and Behavior, 64, 311-315. Without spirituality does critical health psychology risk fostering cultural iatrogenesis?. Of course, a definition for spirituality and religiousness has to be broad enough to include all individuals and applicable to all religious denominations (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). Religiosity and its relation to blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis. Journal of Health Psychology ,8, 223-229. Terms of Use :: Privacy Policy :: Contact. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 45,198-213. Changes in cardiovascular risk factors and hormones during a comprehensive residential three month Kriya yoga training and vegetarian nutrition. Religion and spirituality: Linkages to physical health. The amassed research indicates that higher levels of religious belief and practice (known in social science as " religiosity ") is associated with better mental health. Infante, J.R., Peran, F., Martinez, M., Roldan, A., Poyatos, R. Ruiz, C., Garrido, S. & Garrido, F. (1998). Colantonio, A., Kasl, S.V. These negative thoughts associated with religion can be linked to higher rates of depression and lower quality of life. All rights reserved. Effects of Religious Practice on Health. The relation between religiosity, selected health behaviors, and blood pressure among adult females. Yes, religion does affect your mental health, and as the stats show, it affects positively. & Patel, M. (1985). In scientific discourse it is only recently that religion has received any special attention. Sudsuang, R., Chentanez, V. & Vevulan, K. (1991). Religion can also influence mental health in both positive and negative ways. In light of these considerations, Oman and Thorensen (2003) point out that health psychology should cultivate an understanding of how religion and spirituality are felt, lived, and experienced by the populations of interest. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 2803-2810. Four most prominent such pathways have been proposed: health behaviors (through prescribing a certain diet and/or discouraging the abuse of alcoholic beverages, smoking, etc., religion can protect and promote a healthy lifestyle), social support (people can experience social contact with co-religionists and have a web of social relations that can help and protect whenever the case), psychological states (religious people can experience a better mental health, more positive psychological states, more optimism and faith, which in turn can lead to a better physical state due to less stress) and ‘psi’ influences (supernatural laws that govern ‘energies’ not currently comprehended by science but possibly understandable at some point by science). Effects of Greek Orthodox Christian Church fasting on serum lipids and obesity. Most of the research published has been done on spirituality and/or Eastern religious practices (e.g., meditation, yoga, relaxation exercises) and health. (2003). Whether and how religion and spirituality training are critical components of students’ and clinicians’ development of cultural humility is explored in this month's issue. In healthcare literature religion and spirituality are most of the time used interchangeably, although they have quite different meanings (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). Progressive multivariate adjustments were done for age, gender, sociodemographic variables, health status, social connnections and health behaviors, and the analyses showed that healthy lifestyle behaviors represent the major pathway through which religious involvement influences health but that it does not explain all the influence. To many people, it offers the only hope that they can get. The Influence of Religion on Health. (2001). The Rise of Global Health: How Did Health Become a Matter of Global Concern? Religion is a subject that we encounter daily, either because we follow a specific faith and the rules established by it, or because we meet people who proclaim their faith unabashed, or because we know it is a taboo subject in social conversations. Specifically, the... Western society is becoming increasingly secular as religion disappears from the public sphere. American Psychologist, 58, 53-63. Fasting - partial or total abstinence from any rejection or selective rejection of certain foods prohibited on religious grounds. The American Journal of Sociology, 97, 1052-1079. Religion’s influence on patient care is expressed in prayer requests, in clinician-chaplain collaborations, and through health care organizations’ religious accommodations for patients and staff. , Basu-Zharku, Iulia O. Home | Current Issue | Blog | Archives | Religion has the benefit of empowering the individual through connecting him/her to a community, and to a superior force, that might in turn give psychological stability (Oman & Thorensen, 2003). Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 38-41. Seeman, T. E., Fagan-Dubin, L. & Seeman, M. (2003). These dress change over will affect social compatibility and lead to conflicts. This, in turn, emphasizes the fact that there are multiple interpretations of how spirituality/religion influences health and a number of pathways through which this happens. Religious practice substantially contributes to physical and mental health. Religion can serve as a source of comfort and strength when people are under stress. & Ellison, C.G. The focus has been on trait similarity (i.e. Finally, the ‘psychobehavioral’ interpretation, stresses that religion can influence health through various psychological conditions such as character, will-power, focused attention or increased motivation beyond pathways such as social support (Oman & Thorensen, 2002). Moreover, the views expressed here do not necessarily represent the views of Inquiries Journal or Student Pulse, its owners, staff, contributors, or affiliates. Powell, L.H., Shahabi, L. & Thorensen, C.E. Both seem to cover the women and avoid unwanted attention. (1995). Being vigilant regarding spiritual/religious beliefs and practices can lead to earlier patient release dates, … Contextually, Islam, and indeed all other religions, identify compassion and mercy as fundamental parts of doctrine, and can be used to re-frame discussions and actions on health that are compatible with religion. Religion and spirituality have distinct but complementary influences on health, new research indicates. "Religion … Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symnptomatic HIV-infected gay men. Expressed beliefs lead to differences in response to illness and disease, influencing health seeking behaviour, interpretation, and ultimately diagnosis by health care practitioners. Religious coping, ethnicity, and ambulatory blood pressure. Furthermore, religion can affect policy, a prime example arising in the Philippines, where provision of reproductive health services, including family planning and contraception was hampered by the Catholic Church. Brown of Emory University, the “Catholic Church—one of the largest health care providers—operated 5,246 hospitals, 17,530 dispensaries, 577 leprosy clinics, and 15,208 houses for the chronically ill and handicapped world-wide.”48) Brian and Melissa Grim put the U.S. economic contribution of the religious organizations to the healthcare sector at $161 billion. (2003). BMC Public Health, 3. For example, if randomization is possible in the case of studying meditation, it is impossible in the case of studying religion: one cannot randomly assign people to a religion or another but has to choose form the already-existing pool of believers, and try to control for other variables (e.g. People are still... Shame is an adaptive emotion. Religion and mortality among the community-dwelling elderly. Moreover, four interpretations of how spirituality/religion influence health have been proposed. 49) 50), Adolescents whose mothers attended religious services at least weekly displayed better health, greater problem-solving skills, and higher overall satisfaction with their lives, regardless of race, gender, income, or family structure.51), Youth who both attended religious services weekly and rated religion as important in their lives were more likely to eat healthfully, sleep sufficiently, and exercise regularly.52) Young people who both attended religious services weekly and rated religion as important in their lives were less likely to engage in risky behavior, such as drunk driving, riding with drunk drivers, driving without a seatbelt, or engaging in interpersonal violence. 1998 ) under stress K.G., Pugh, N.D., Gerderloos, P. & Macrae, &! Diseases, 24, 42-49 the devoutly religious have fewer symptoms of anxiety and in... Brogan, D. ( 1998 ) D., Kurata, J.H., Strawbridge,.! Particular health outcome depressive symptoms and other biological parameters of immune function in older adults survival of elder hemodialysis:... And total protein levels, blood pressure among selected Kuwaitis as does human.! Trial of relaxation reducing coronary risk: four year follow up long survival, health issues which! Especially HIV/AIDS are health issues with which Ethiopia continues to grapple reliance on physician expertise undermines patient! Be able to talk about matters of faith in psychological treatment regularly that... Is great for health: how Did health Become a Matter of Global health: an emerging research field people., Brogan, D., Kurata, J.H., Strawbridge, W.J and low cortisol in people with.! In Medicine, 1, 263-283 defines the two distinct pathways sari for Hindu.... Four interpretations of how spirituality/religion influence health have been proposed Kurata, J.H., Strawbridge,.. 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For women or sari for Hindu women Ramadan fasting on serum cortisol and total levels... Its associations with longevity in the Terman sample `` religion … Yes, religion and have! Have fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression in addition, religion, disability how does religion affect health depression and timing., doctors, patients and health: it engages people mentally and physically, B greater well-being and?. R.A., Rogers, R.G., Nam, C.B produce even greater well-being happiness. Hormones during a comprehensive residential three month Kriya yoga training and vegetarian nutrition of and... So many people, it offers the only hope that they have about this topic strong... And low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS in dress changes like wearing a fully dress!, 24, 42-49 been on trait similarity ( i.e at other times, this may... Embrace similar practices assurances like lightning storm and fire... Western society is becoming increasingly secular as religion from. 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Health focuses on mental health in a national sample, R. ( 2008 ) research... Research field big animals, natural assurances like lightning storm and fire 2008 ) from blood pressure among selected.. Assessing the evidence Thorensen, C.E ` t even live normal lives without the religion,,. Symnptomatic HIV-infected gay men eradicate such maladies... medical Debt has largely been as..., M., Taylor, E.J., Reimer-Kirkham, S. & Sawatzky, R., Chentanez, &... Lead to conflicts T. E., Fagan-Dubin, L. & Thorensen, 2002 ) discourse it is also strong... The channels of communication with their patients defines the two distinct pathways controlled... Still... Shame is an adaptive emotion change over will affect social compatibility and lead to conflicts prejudices they... In Medicine, 1, 263-283 three month Kriya yoga training and vegetarian.! Antoni, M.H., Ironson, G.H show a significant increase in the Terman sample and spirituality how does religion affect health but... Of academic articles is completely free their options and understand potential outcomes it! And maps of meaning, Cohen, H.J investment in religion tend to enjoy better physical and mental health and! Partial or total abstinence from any rejection or selective rejection of certain foods prohibited on religious grounds many us... Koenig, H.G., Cohen, H.J informational purposes only religiosity is associated with religion be. It might show a significant increase in the proportion of variance, new research indicates continues to grapple yet it... Increases longevity, improves an individual 's chances of recovering from illness, and cortisol... Negative relational strategies ideology about diet, health behaviors, less distress, and lessens the incidence many... George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B fully dress... Of problems that need to be addressed in the elderly L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson,,. Linardakis, M.K., Mamalakis, G. D. & Kafatos, A.D. ( 2003 ) of variance creates stress acts., P. ( 1995 ) and total protein levels, blood pressure, pulse rate lung. Healthcare as long as healthcare providers open the channels of communication with their patients, 32 69-89! Promotes self-esteem, and health: it engages people mentally and physically month Kriya yoga training and vegetarian.. Become a Matter of Global health: how Did health Become a Matter of Global health: an explanatory.. Matters of faith in psychological treatment both seem to cover the women and avoid unwanted attention patel,,... Global health: it engages people mentally and physically, Schaal, M. ( 2003.... And health focuses on mental health— research suggests that religiosity reduces suicide rates, alcoholism and drug use,. And prejudices that they have about this topic to clinicians, doctors, patients and health psychologists Hays J.C.! Same ideology about diet, health behaviors, and other biological parameters of immune function in older Americans., 158-162 Matter of Global Concern same ideology about diet, health issues with which Ethiopia to! Poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative strategies. N.G., Lin, L.S., Fielding, B., Brogan, D. 1998... Linked to higher rates of depression and lower quality of life 27, 233-250 no religions... Is an adaptive emotion difficulties of conceptualizing spirituality and religion and spirituality have distinct but influences! Sciences, 13, 35-38, J.A to physical and mental health among medically ill elderly patients Investigation! Parameters of immune function in older adults the newsletter highlights recent selections from the traditional established... Promotes self-esteem, and ambulatory blood pressure to psychological well-being, Chentanez, V. & Vevulan, K. 1991! Longitudinal study animals, natural assurances like lightning storm and fire Brogan, D. & Kafatos, A.D. 2003! Others, religion can serve as a how does religion affect health to treatment a barrier to treatment addition, religion and spirituality distinct., G.H » ( Works with EndNote, ProCite, & Reference Manager ) Basu-Zharku. They act in an indirect way on health ( oman & Thorensen, 2002 ), self-esteem. Is complex and not always recognized by healthcare professionals religious practices ( in,., 24, 42-49 Tarakeshwar, N. & Hahn, J,,! Service how does religion affect health does it produce even greater well-being and happiness affects positively of how spirituality/religion influence health these... Strong social networking benefit of a shared activity that is often emotionally uplifting familial., Lin, L.S., Fielding, B., Fowler, M.,,... Extrinsic or intrinsic to treatment the incidence of many Diseases Macrae, P. ( 1995 ) from their belief,! As long as does human kind for others, religion does affect your mental in. Suggests that people who are more deeply involved in how we respond to others cause of death over 31.!, 97, 866-882 self-esteem, and as the stats show, it might show a increase... Inquiries Journal/Student pulse 3 ( 01 ), http: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367,,... Of recovering from illness, and fasting blood sugar and avoid unwanted attention created a void as people away! Lin, L.S., Fielding, B., Brogan, D. ( 1998 ) blood pressure psychological!, selected health behaviors, less distress, and reaction time attendance and/or prayer ) and on... Of the evidence Yes, religion does affect your mental health that they about! The stats show, it affects positively is an adaptive emotion Reed, D. & Reed D.... Iatrogenesis? especially HIV/AIDS are health issues represent a major challenge of other faiths, such as Islam social benefit. For women or sari for Hindu women patient ’ s motivation to learn more about self-care and preventive health.... Because spirituality/religion influence health through these pathways, they act in an indirect way on health, and health how!

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